Common Foot Problems and How to Treat Them
A lot of foot issues can develop because of neglect, simple wear and tear, as well as ill-fitting shoes. The feet can also show some signs if the body is under threat from a chronic illness. Below are some of the most common foot problems that must be treated right away to avoid complications:
Athlete’s foot develops because of a fungus that tends to thrive in dark, warm, and moist environments such as the spot between the toes and bottoms of the feet. When it occurs, the skin can inflame and display white, scaly rash with a red base. Also, the fungus causes burning, itching, and peeling and can spread to other parts of the body. These are symptoms that can appear even during the early stages of athlete’s foot. Over-the-counter antifungal creams or sprays are often used for treating the disease. But, if they don’t work, sufferers may have to consult with a podiatrist to get alternative treatments.
Blisters can develop when you wear ill-fitting shoes. They are characterized by soft packages of raised skin filled with clear fluid. People with blisters will find it difficult to walk because of the pain. To treat blisters, the affected area must be cleaned thoroughly first. Then, they have to be opened using a sterilized needle. After draining the blisters, they should be applied with antibiotic treatment and covered with a bandage.
Corns and Calluses
These form in some parts of the foot that have been repeatedly rubbed against a body part of the foot or against a shoe. They are compressed patches of dead skin cells that can be hard and painful. The pain can be relieved by putting moleskin or padding around the corns and calluses.
Toenails must be cut straight cross. When cut improperly, the sides or corners of the nail can dig into the skin and become ingrown. Ingrown nails can also be caused by shoe pressure, poor foot structure, and a fungal infection. When cutting the toenails, it is important to use bigger clippers and avoid cutting the nails too short.
This foot problem can provide the nails with an unsightly look. It can change the color of the nail and spread to other nails. Toenail fungus usually develops when the feet when walking barefoot in wet areas like locker rooms and swimming pools. Those who have immune deficiency diseases such as HIV and chronic conditions like diabetes are vulnerable to this foot problem.